Also known as "Analytical
Psychology" or "Jungian Psychotherapy", Jungian
analysis was developed by the Swiss Psychiatrist Carl Gustav
Jung (1875-1961). It is a psychodynamic therapy based on a unique
and inspired way of understanding the elements and workings of
the human psyche within the individual and the world.
Central to Jung's approach is
the recognition that within everyone exists an unshakable, organic
drive toward Wholeness. He called this process Individuation
and wrote, "The urge and compulsion to self-realization
is a law of nature and thus an invincible power...". Jung's
approach is focused on bringing consciousness to imbalances in
the psyche. Often this comes about through identifying and dealing
with unconscious complexes that are frequently at the root of
emotional and physcial pain and/or unwanted behaviour.
Symptoms are viewed both as natural
responses to psychic one-sidedness and as potential starting
points toward recovering a more balanced or "whole"
approach to one's life.
Being conscious of complexes
and the individuation process not only gives one much more freedom
and choice in day to day life situations but also leads to a
feeling of being connected to the underlying current of one's
Born in Switzerland in 1875 into
a family of modest means, (his father was a minister in a small
rural community), Jung became one of the most significant thinkers
of our time. His pioneering work has profoundly touched many
aspects of our modern culture, including medicine, religion,
philosophy and psychoanalysis. It is through his work that many
of the terms we now consider common have been intoduced into
culture, for example, archetype, introvert and
extrovert, collective unconscious, anima and
animus, persona, synchronicity, shadow,
Jung was a contemporary of Theodore
Flourney and William James, and in the burgeoning days of psychoanalysis,
was a close colleague of Sigmund Freud's. In 1910, he became
the first President of the International Psychoanalytic Association.
However, in 1914, he abandoned Freud's theory and founded his
own approach to psychoanalysis and psychology.
Included in Jung's investigation
of the human psyche was a diversity of areas including mythology,
alchemy, fairy tales, modern physics, the I Ching and eastern
Jung's understanding of the interpretation
of dreams, the make-up of the psyche, the unconscious and the
dynamics of the personality continue to attract scholarly investigation
and influence collective thought today.